Africa Facts

 

Africa is the most interesting and diverse continent on the earth. It is the home of an incredible variety of people, animals, climates, and spectacular places.  The scenic beauty and variety is quite stunning, it is home to vast deserts, tropical rain forests, rugged mountains and fertile grasslands. It is abundant in flora and fauna unsurpassed by any other continent

As far as the size is concerned along with the population Africa is the second largest continent. Africa is filled with some of nature’s greatest wonders, there are a few facts about Africa given below that will help you to understand more about this beautiful continent.

Africa, second-largest of the Earth's seven continents - covering about 30,330,000 sq. km (11,699,000 sq. mi), which makes up about 22 per cent of the world's total land area.

Largest Country
Algeria is the largest country of the African continent covering a total area of 2,381,741sq. km - (919,595 sq. miles)

Smallest Country
The smallest African country is The Seychelles covering an area of 453 sq. km but Gambia is the smallest of the mainland African states, covering an area of 11,300 sq. km (4,363 sq. mi).

Largest City
Egypt's capital city, Cairo, is the largest city in Africa with an estimated 9.2 million population

Highest Point
Mount Kilimanjaro - Uhuru Point - (5895m/19,340 ft.) in Tanzania

Lowest Point
the lowest is Lake 'Asal (153 m/502 ft. below sea level) in Djibouti

Northernmost tip
is Cape Blanc (Ra's al Abyad;) in Tunisia

Southernmost tip
is Cape Agulhas in South Africa

Largest Lake
Lake Victoria is the largest lake in Africa and the is the world's second-largest freshwater lake - covering an area of 69,490 sq. km (26,830 sq. mi) and lies 1,130 m (3,720 ft.) above sea level. Its greatest known depth is 82 m (270 ft.).

Deepest Lake
Lake Tanganyika is the deepest lake in Africa reaching at its greatest depth is 1,436 m (4,710 ft.), making it the second deepest freshwater lake in the world after Lake Baikal.

Longest River
The River Nile drains north-eastern Africa, and, at 6,650 km (4,132 miles), is the longest river in Africa and in the world. It is formed from the Blue Nile, which originates at Lake Tana in Ethiopia, and the White Nile, which originates at Lake Victoria.

Lake Malawi
Lake Malawi contains the largest number of fish species of any lake in the world, probably over 500 from ten families. Particularly noteworthy are the Cichlidae, of which all but five of over 400 species are endemic to Lake Malawi. The lake contains 30% of all known cichlid species. Of particular interest is the 'mbuna' rock fish.

Namib Desert
The Namib is the world's oldest desert, and the only desert in Africa inhabited by elephant, rhino, giraffe and lion

Namibia - Fish River Canyon
The Fish River canyon is the second largest canyon in the world.

The Sahara Desert
The Sahara Desert alone is expanding southwards at an average of 0.8 km (½ mile) a month.

 Wildlife
Four of the five fastest land animals live in Africa - the cheetah (70 mph), wildebeest, lion, and Thomson's gazelle (all about 50 mph).

Chameleons
Madagascar is the home of the worlds largest as well as the smallest chameleons! Almost half of the world’s chameleon species live on the island of Madagascar.

Seals
The largest seal colony in the southern hemisphere is a Cape Cross in Namibia.

Frogs
The world's biggest frog is found in Cameroon. Named the goliath frog, their body can be one-foot long.

Nile Crocodiles
The Nile crocodile is Africa's largest living reptile - growing to an average length of 5 m.

African Elephants
The African elephant is the largest living land mammal.

An elephant can weigh up to 6-7 tons and has no natural enemies for he is not a predator and there is none large enough to challenge him.

Did you know elephants drink up to 160 liters of water per day and a mature elephant can carry up to 6.8 liters of water in its trunk

An African elephant possesses such "manual" dexterity in his/her trunk tip that he/she can actually turn the pages of a book with it.

Giraffes
Did you know that the tongue of a giraffe can be as long as 45 cm?

Giraffes are 6 ft. tall when they are born.

Even though their necks can be 6-7 feet in length, Giraffe have the same number of vertebrae in their necks as humans (7)

The tallest animal on earth is the giraffe - its horn tops being up to 6 metres above ground level.

Gorillas
The Gorilla is the largest of the living primates, male gorillas weight up to 200kg, yet are shy and retiring.

Cheetahs
The cheetah is the fastest land animal at 95 km/h (60mph).

Beetles
The world's largest and heaviest beetle, the Goliath Beetle is found in tropical Africa. It can reach a length of 5 inches and weigh up to ¼ lb.

Butterfly
Having a wingspan of only ½", the smallest butterfly is in the world is found in South Africa. It is known as the Dwarf Blue Butterfly

Fish
The only place where schools of fresh water sardines are found is in Lake Tanganyika.

Birds

There are about 2300 bird species in Africa

 Miscellaneous
The world's largest diamond was the Cullinan, found in South Africa in 1905. It weighed 3,106.75 carats uncut. It was cut into the Great Star of Africa, weighing 530.2 carats, the Lesser Star of Africa, which weighs 317.40 carats, and 104 other diamonds of nearly flawless colour and clarity. They now form part of the British crown jewels.

Did you know there are about 280 000 windmills on farms across South Africa, second in number only to Australia?

With a population of more than 113 million, Nigeria is easily the most populated country in Africa and the 10th most populous country in the world.

One of the oldest universities in the world is in Timbuktu, Mali. By the 12th century Timbuktu was home to three universities. Over 25,000 students attended one of the Timbuktu universities in the 12th century.

Six of the driest places in the world are in Africa – Al’Kufrah, Libya, Aswan and Luxor in Egypt, Wadi Halfa in Sudan, Pelican Point in Namibia and Aoelef in Algeria.

The hottest place in the world is recorded at Al’Aziziyah in Libya.

Eritrea, Egypt and Libya are in the number 1,2 amd 3 spots respectively for the world’s most dangerous roads. And I thought Kenya was bad.

Equatorial Guinea is the richest country in Africa. The GDP per capita is $30,200. Botswana is second with a GDP of $15,800. Coming in last is Zimbabwe at $200 per year

Chad has the second fastest growing economy in the world.

Unfortunately the top 10 poorest countries in the world are all in Africa.

Three of the world’s largest gold producers have their primary operations in Africa – Harmony Gold, Gold Fields and Anglogold Ashanti.